Which challenges cannot be solved with authorization tools alone?
Create permissions for customising
Finally, we want to give you some recommendations for securing file access. The SPTH table allows you to protect the file system from ABAP programme accesses without granting permissions and to deliberately define exceptions. The problem is identifying the necessary exceptions. However, because the SPTH check is always performed together with the S_DATASET object check, you can use a long-running permission trace to find the paths that are used with filters for the S_DATASET authorization object. The procedure for this is described in detail in our Tip 39, "Maintain suggestion values by using trace evaluations". If you are using applications that access files in the DIR_HOME directory without a path, such as the ST11 transaction, you must specify access to the allowed file groups individually (e.g. dev_, gw_), because there is no wild card for DIR_HOME.
For the entries in the SPTH table, note that the application defines whether a file is accessed with or without the path. For example, the related transactions ST11 (error log files) and AL11 (SAP directories) behave differently. While ST11 opens almost all files without a path (they are in the DIR_HOME directory anyway), AL11 basically uses fully specified file names with a path. An entry in the SPTH table with PATH = / is therefore misleading. It specifies that the defined access restrictions apply to all files specified by path. However, this only applies to applications that access files using a specified path. However, applications that access files without a path are not restricted; Files in the DIR_HOME directory may be excluded.
Maintain authorization objects more easily
Roles are assigned according to the function of employees in the company and their validity is limited depending on the task. Removing role assignments manually in user master kits is very tedious. We'll show you how it's easier. Over time, users of your SAP system have accumulated many roles in the user master set. These roles have different validity periods. Some roles have already expired, and other roles may be assigned multiple times, because a user might perform multiple roles in the organisation, some of which have the same roles. Now you are looking for an easy way to delete role assignments that have expired or to remove multiple role assignments.
With the new transaction SAIS, you will enter the AIS cockpit, where you will be able to evaluate the various audit structures related to the topic. When performing an audit, under Audit Structure, select one of the existing structures and select a check number in the appropriate field. Audit structures may be subject to different audits; Therefore, you must always select an audit first. To do this, select a verification number or create a new audit. After you select the audit, the audit tree will appear in the cockpit. You can now perform the individual steps of the audit along the definition in the audit tree.
Secure your go-live additionally with "Shortcut for SAP systems". You can assign necessary SAP authorizations quickly and easily directly in the system.
Understanding the structure and functioning of the system is especially important for IT administration. It is not for nothing that "SAP Basis Administrator" is a separate professional field. On the page www.sap-corner.de you will find useful information on this topic.
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Either you maintain a complete list of organisational values for each organisation (i.e. all entries in the USORG table), or you identify the required organisational levels from the selected reference roles (i.e. all entries for the selected reference role in the AGR_1252 table).