SAP Authorizations What are the advantages of SAP authorizations? - SAP Admin

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What are the advantages of SAP authorizations?
Limit character set for user ID
In addition to SAP standard software, do you also use custom ABAP programmes? Learn how the SAP Code Vulnerability Analyser can scan your customer code for potential security vulnerabilities and resolve them if necessary. Permission concepts, firewalls, anti-virus and encryption programmes alone are not enough to protect your IT infrastructure and IT systems against internal and external attacks and misuse. Some of the risks are identified by potential security vulnerabilities in the ABAP code, most of which cannot be addressed by downstream measures and therefore need to be addressed in the code itself. It should also be noted that the permission concepts used can be circumvented by ABAP code, which underlines the weight of security vulnerabilities in the ABAP code. While SAP is responsible for providing security information to help close security vulnerabilities in standard code, it is up to you to address security vulnerabilities in custom ABAP programmes. Companies are subject to a whole range of legal requirements on data protection and data integrity, and you can fulfil them as far as possible with the help of a new tool. The SAP Code Vulnerability Analyser is integrated into the ABAP Test Cockpit (ATC) and thus available in all ABAP editors such as SE80, SE38, SE24, etc. Developers can use it to scan their code for vulnerabilities during programming and before releasing their tasks. This reduces testing costs and costs.

Upgrades also require that the eligibility roles be revised. In this context, you can use the SAP_NEW profile for support. During an upgrade, changes and enhancements to permissions checks are included in SAP NetWeaver AS ABAP. In order for users to continue to perform their previous actions in the SAP system as usual, you as the permission administrator must revise or add to the authorisation expressions within the framework of the established permission concept. Basically, you use the transaction SU25 for this purpose. For the transition period, you can use the SAP_NEW permission until the permission concept is up to date on the new release. Since the handling of SAP_NEW is not always transparent and the question arises, for example, when the profile should be assigned and when not, we explain the background here.
Set up permissions to access specific CO-PA measures
Permissions in the Permission Tree with status are only deleted if the last transaction associated with the permission has been deleted from the Role menu. Delete and recreate the profile and permissions All permissions are created anew. Previously maintained, changed or manual values will be lost and deleted. The exception here is the values that are filled by the organisation levels.

In the foreground, important SAP reports on the subject of role and authorization administration were presented. Since these and the entire SAP system are known to be based on ABAP coding, the analysis of the source code is just as important, especially when using in-house developments. These in-house developments often present serious security vulnerabilities because they have insufficient authorization checks in the coding. To search for explicit strings and to categorize the in-house developments accordingly, the report RS_ABAP_SOURCE_SCAN can be used. This allows existing programs in the backend to be explicitly checked for specific check patterns by the authorization administrator and any errors to be corrected by the relevant developers. Authorization-relevant check patterns for such a scan are, for example, "AUTHORITY-CHECK" or SQL statements such as SELECT, UPDATE or DELETE. The former checks whether authorization checks are present in the source code at all. The check for Open SQL patterns analyzes the code structure for direct SELECT, MODIFY or INSERT statements that must be avoided or protected on the authorization side. The best practice measure in this case is to use SAP BAPIs. The preventive best practice would be to involve developers and authorization administrators equally during the conceptual design of the custom development.

If you get into the situation that authorizations are required that were not considered in the role concept, "Shortcut for SAP systems" allows you to assign the complete authorization for the respective authorization object.

On you will also find useful information about SAP basis.

The SAP NetWeaver Application Server ABAP 7.31 changed the way the transaction SU25 works, especially from step 2a to the automatic suggestion value matching with SAP values.

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The check on S_PROGNAM MUST first be activated in the customer system.
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