Set up login locks securely
Essential authorizations and parameters in the SAP® environment
EARLYWATCH: The user EARLYWATCH only exists in the client 066, because it serves the remote maintenance by the SAP support. EARLYWATCH only has display rights for performance and monitoring functions. Safeguard measures: Lock down the user EARLYWATCH and only unlock it when requested by SAP Support. Change the password, assign it to the SUPER user group, and log it with the Security Audit Log.
Additional permission check on the S_RZL_ADM authorization object: For security reasons, an additional permission check is performed on the S_RZL_ADM authorization object for special PSE (Personal Security Environment) files with access type 01 (Create). These files are called *.pse and cred_v2. These files are required for single sign-on, encryption and digital signatures. They are maintained using the transaction STRUST and the transaction STRUSTSSO2, which require the same permission (see SAP Note 1497104 for details).
It should be noted, however, that the system writes all authorization errors of the user into the memory area of SU53. I.e. if there is a so-called double hit, i.e. several authorization errors occur, only the last error is always in this area. I prefer to have the user run the transaction until the error message "No authorization...", then use the menu to display the error, and send me a screen shot of the first page of output. This way I avoid that the user creates another authorization error when calling transaction SU53, which covers the original one. As a user administrator or role administrator, you can also call SU53 yourself and display the error entry of another user via the menu. However, this does not always work.
You can't keep an eye on everything. Therefore, avoid that your colleagues do not assign users to a user group, and thus ensure that the user master data maintenance permissions check is correct. You do not want a user without a user group to be able to be created in your SAP systems? Users without a user group can be changed by all administrators with permission for any user group. You should also prevent incomplete permission checks when assigning roles and profiles to users without a permission group. Because it is possible to assign roles and permissions to a user first, and then assign a user group that does not have permission to assign roles and profiles. Finally, do you want to change the user group for an existing user without having permission for the new user group? In the following section we will show you how to secure your user master data maintenance.
With "Shortcut for SAP systems" you can automate the assignment of roles after a go-live.
SAP Basis refers to the administration of SAP system that includes activities like installation and configuration, load balancing, and performance of SAP applications running on Java stack and SAP ABAP. This includes the maintenance of different services related to database, operating system, application and web servers in SAP system landscape and stopping and starting the system. Here you can find some useful information about SAP Basis: www.sap-corner.de.
Starting with the technical infrastructure of companies and extending to the business processes in SAP systems.
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As a basis for central and efficient administration, we implement an underlying tool, working continuously and directly with your SAP key users.