SAP Security Concepts
In the area of group consolidation, an authorization concept ensures that no data can be deliberately manipulated, for example to change balance sheets. This can prevent significant financial or reputational damage to banks and stakeholders. Furthermore, access to financial data of subdivisions of a group, such as individual business units or companies, must be restricted to those employees who are allowed to access it because their current activities require it. As a result, a controller of a business unit, for example, can only view the consolidated figures of his business unit, but not the figures of the entire group. Further authorization roles are required, for example, for external auditors. These auditors check all the figures for the entire group, but may only have read access to this data.
In the TPC6 transaction, set the periods to be reviewed. In the example shown in the figure below, a group of auditors from North Rhine-Westphalia would be active for the accounting area or cost accounting area (OrgUnit) 1000. In the 2000 accounting area and the 2000 HR accounting area, a Hessen-based payroll tax auditor group would operate.
You must enable a role that you have created as a Design-Time object in the Design Time Repository before it can be associated with a user. To do this, use Project Explorer to select the role you want to enable and select Team > Activate from the shortcut menu. This will create a runtime object of this selected SAP HANA role. This object is also understood as a catalogue object and is incorporated in the Roles branch in the corresponding SAP HANA system.
Object Privileges: Object Privileges are SQL permissions that control access to and modification of database objects (as a whole). The type of object (table, view, procedure) determines which database operations can be authorised. Database operations include SELECT, UPDATE, ALTER, DROP, and DEBUG.
Assigning a role for a limited period of time is done in seconds with "Shortcut for SAP systems" and allows you to quickly continue your go-live.
SAP Basis refers to the administration of SAP system that includes activities like installation and configuration, load balancing, and performance of SAP applications running on Java stack and SAP ABAP. This includes the maintenance of different services related to database, operating system, application and web servers in SAP system landscape and stopping and starting the system. Here you can find some useful information about SAP Basis: www.sap-corner.de.
In order to identify and minimize risks in authorizations and to assign them correctly via the SAP user lifecycle, the use of supporting solutions from Identity & Access Management is recommended.
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