Optimise trace analysis
Organisationally restrict table editing permissions
Transaction SU53 can be used to immediately display the missing authorizations for a single SAP user. This is advantageous when individual background processing or activities are not executed correctly and the cause is suspected to be missing authorizations. In this way, the cause of the error can be narrowed down more quickly.
The first step in the cleanup process is therefore to find out whether the current authorization concept is sufficient and a cleanup is the best way forward, or whether a rebuild of the authorization concept is necessary. The focus should be on saving the current authorization concept, since rebuilding it takes more time than cleaning it up.
Error analysis for authorizations (part 1)
I will go into more detail on the subject of further training in the SAP environment at the next opportunity. As a small anticipation, I may refer here to some SAP blogs on the subject of SAP Basis or also the VideoPodcast "RZ10 LIVE SAP BASIS AND SECURITY" from rz10.de picks up topics in the area of authorizations again and again and is instructive here :-).
In most cases, customizing is performed using transaction SPRO. However, this is only the initial transaction for a very comprehensive tree structure of further maintenance transactions. Most customizing activities, however, consist of indirect or direct maintenance of tables. Therefore, a random check of the authorization structure in this environment can be reduced to table authorizations. In the case of delimited responsibilities within customizing (e.g. FI, MM, SD, etc.), attention should therefore be paid here to an appropriate delimitation within the table authorizations. Independent of assigned transaction authorizations within customizing, a full authorization on table level combined with a table maintenance transaction such as SM30 practically corresponds to a full authorization in customizing. Normal customizing by user departments generally refers to client-specific tables. Access to system tables should therefore be restricted to basic administration if possible.
For the assignment of existing roles, regular authorization workflows require a certain minimum of turnaround time, and not every approver is available at every go-live. With "Shortcut for SAP systems" you have options to assign urgently needed authorizations anyway and to additionally secure your go-live.
Role selection for mass transport uses the default value help, which offers the Multiple Selection button.
To store all the information on the subject of SAP - and others - in a knowledge database, Scribble Papers is suitable.
Define explicit code-level permission checks whenever you start transactions from ABAP programmes or access critical functions or data.