Implementation of security updates, patches and enhancement packages
Products and services at a glance
Before SAP HANA was released, there was no SAP database - you had to install SAP ERP (or the application you were using) on a third-party database, such as Oracle or SQL Server. SAP developed the HANA database to fully leverage the power of SAP's next-generation S/4 software.
Transporting transport orders from one system line to another or importing third-party transport orders into the SAP system is also an occasional task for an SAP basis administrator. As in my last blog post on system modifiability, I would like to offer you a way to quickly present this topic. So you will find a step-by-step guide which you can follow if you have already understood the content of the topic, but only the steps need to be taken. What are the requirements? Transport orders include two files, titled "data" and "cofiles". These files consist of a six-character alphanumeric combination and a file extension, which often represents the system from which the files were exported. The first character is always a K (the cofiles file) or an R (the data file). For our example we call the files K12345_DEV and R12345_DEV. These files are of course needed for an import into your own SAP system. Furthermore, you need access to the file system or the SAP directories, as they have to insert the above files there manually. In addition, the transaction STMS is required in the SAP system because it attaches the transport orders to the import queue. Now, if you have all of this available, we can start with the import: What is the procedure? Operating System Level Preparation. The first step is to copy the files to the transport directory of the SAP system. This is usually below /usr/sap/trans, but can be changed individually depending on the system. If you want to make sure that you are working in the correct directory, you can look in the transaction AL11 to see which directory is specified under "DIR_TRANS". This is the right directory to work on. Here the existing files are copied into it, namely the cofiles file (K12345_DEV) in the cofiles folder (/usr/sap/trans/cofiles) and the data file (R12345_DEV) in the data folder (/usr/sap/trans/data). Note: In this case, especially for companies with multiple systems on multiple servers, the access permissions and the file owner need to be changed so that the import in the target system does not cause problems.
SAP Basis refers to the administration of SAP system that includes activities like installation and configuration, load balancing, and performance of SAP applications running on Java stack and SAP ABAP. This includes the maintenance of different services related to database, operating system, application and web servers in SAP system landscape and stopping and starting the system. Here you can find some useful information about SAP Basis: www.sap-corner.de.
Technical implementation and typical tools in the SAP Basis environment
Another way to secure your gateway using the SAP standard is to encrypt communication using Secure Network Communication (SNC). In the case of unprotected data communication paths between different client and server components of the SAP system that use the SAP protocol RFC or DIAG, the data exchange takes place in plain text and there is a risk that this can be read. With the help of SNC, you can create end-to-end encryption (E2EE), which can be used to secure communication between two components, such as between the application server and SAP GUI. In addition, SNC encryption provides the basis for using SAP Single Sign-On (SSO) as a security solution, which significantly reduces the internal effort of password management.
Projects: Your SAP Basis administrator plays a key role in planning and executing system upgrades and migrations. He is also responsible for transport management and tests software updates to ensure they are compatible with the landscape. In addition, he must ensure that they are installed in the correct order.
The "Shortcut for SAP Systems" tool is ideal for doing many tasks in the SAP basis more easily and quickly.
Through consistent research and testing, the SAP basis is enabled to assume its role as an innovation driver.
The freeware Scribble Papers puts an end to the confusing paper chaos. The tool is also suitable for storing, structuring and quickly finding text documents and text snippets of all kinds in addition to notes.
The chain now has in principle two end pieces (2 parallel blocks).