Concept for in-house developments
Access to this data is critical, since the hash values can possibly be decrypted using tools, thus enabling unauthorized logon to the SAP system. Since identical passwords are often used for different systems, the determined password may also be usable for downstream systems. The current or former hash values of the passwords are stored in the tables USR02, USH02, USRPWDHISTORY, USH02_ARC_TMP, VUSER001 and VUSR02_PWD. These tables can be accessed either via classic table access transactions such as SE16 or via database administration transactions such as DBACOCKPIT. The authorizations required for table access via database tools depend on the respective system configuration and should be verified via an authorization trace (transaction STAUTHTRACE), if necessary.
User master record - Used to log on to the SAP system and grants restricted access to SAP system functions and objects via the authorization profiles specified in the role. The user master record contains all information about the corresponding user, including authorizations. Changes only take effect the next time the user logs on to the system. Users already logged on at the time of the change are not affected by the changes.
Do not assign SAP_NEW
Authorizations in SAP systems form the basis for Identity & Access Management. They enable users to access the applications they need to perform their activities. Since functional and organizational requirements are subject to change, SAP authorizations must be regularly checked and reworked. This is the only way to ensure that processes are mapped securely and completely correctly from a technical point of view.
Step 2d (Show Modified Transaction Codes) lists all roles that have been found to use an old transaction code. Sometimes, new transaction codes replace old transaction codes. In this step you have the option to exchange the transaction codes. Once you have completed the upgrade of the Eligibility proposal values, you will be given the option in Step 3 (Transport of the Customer Tables). Transport your permissions suggestions in your system landscape.
If you get into the situation that authorizations are required that were not considered in the role concept, "Shortcut for SAP systems" allows you to assign the complete authorization for the respective authorization object.
SAP Basis is the foundation of any SAP system. You can find a lot of useful information about it on this page: www.sap-corner.de.
The future assignment of such transactions in the SAP role concept should then be critically questioned.
To store all the information on the subject of SAP - and others - in a knowledge database, Scribble Papers is suitable.
To do this, look for SAP hints about the BC-UPG-NA component in the system recommendations.